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Sleep Med Res > Volume 13(1); 2022 > Article
Sleep Medicine Research 2022;13(1): 1-7.
doi: https://doi.org/10.17241/smr.2022.01235
Association Between Sleep Parameters and Postural Control: A Literature Review
Tarushi Tanwar MPT1 , Zubia Veqar PhD1
Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
Corresponding Author: Zubia Veqar ,Tel: +91-9958993486, Fax: +91-26981232, Email: veqar.zubia@gmail.com
Received: April 7, 2022.  Revised: May 12, 2022.  Accepted: June 3, 2022.
Background and Objective     The purpose of the review was to explore the association between sleep parameters and postural control.
Methods     The PubMed, Science Direct, and EBSCO were searched using the keywords ‘sleep’ including either sleep quality, sleep deprivation, poor sleep quality; and ‘postural control’ including either dynamic balance, static balance, postural balance, and balance control. Related studies published till December 2017 were selected.
Results     Acute sleep deprivation resulted in an impairment in postural control. Chronic sleep deprivation and postural control were also found to be related in a similar way to that of total sleep deprivation, thus affecting postural control negatively. Time of day was found to influence the postural control such that the postural control was better in the morning than in the latter part of the day. A study of the impact of aging on the effects of sleep deprivation on postural control revealed that loss of sleep had a more disturbing effect on postural control in the olderadult group than in younger participants, thus indicating a high risk of fall among the elderly.
Conclusions     Despite various limitations and methodological differences, this review has identified a negative influence on postural control due to impaired sleep in a wide range of populations, indicating the need for a more focused approach to sleep when assessing and measuring postural control.
Key Words: Sleep; Sleep deprivation; Postural balance
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